吸烟

建议:戒烟

与不吸烟者相比,吸烟的人罹患2型糖尿病的风险增加。在工作场所或家中接触二手烟也会增加罹患糖尿病的风险。经常饮酒和吸烟可能会更大幅度地增加您的风险。虽然吸烟对罹患糖尿病影响的潜在生物学机制尚不完全清楚,但研究已表明,吸烟者往往出现胰岛素抵抗性和腹部肥胖增加。4

参考文献:
1 Willi C, Bodenmann P, Ghali WA, Faris PD, Cornuz J. Active smoking and the risk of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA. 2007;298:2654-2664.
2 Zhang L, Curhan GC, Hu FB, Rimm EB, Forman JP. Association between passive and active smoking and incident type 2 diabetes in women. Diabetes Care. 2011;34:892-897.
3 Hu FB. Globalization of diabetes: The role of diet, lifestyle, and genes. Diabetes Care. 2011;34(6):1249-1257.
4 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Smoking—50 Years of Progress. A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health; 2014.