Facts and Figures

By the Numbers

•60% of diabetics in the world live in Asia.1
113.9 million adults have diabetes in China, 11.6% of the adult population.2
ο In 1980, the percentage of Chinese adults with diabetes numbered less than 1%.1
65.1 million adults with diabetes in India.3
ο In some South Indian cities, nearly 20% of the population has diabetes.
By 2030, without intervention, both China and India combined will have almost half a billion diabetics.
Asians have a higher percentage of body fat at the same BMI as whites:
ο In Caucasians, a BMI of 30 means a body fat percentage of about 25% in young adult males and 35% in young adult females.
ο A study in China showed that males with a BMI of only 23.7 had 25% body fat and females with a BMI of only 21.2 had 32% body fat.4
ο For the same BMI, Asians have 3-5% higher body fat compared to people of European ancestry.  For the same body fat percentage, Asians have a BMI of 3-4 units lower compared to Caucasians.5
Almost 1 in 3 cigarettes produced around the globe is smoked in China.6
ο Studies show that a current smoker has a 45% higher risk of developing diabetes as compared with a nonsmoker.1
Average amounts of weekly exercise in Chinese adults decreased by 32% between 1991 and 2006.1
 
National Prevalence of Diabetes in Asian Countries
Country/Territory Name National Prevalence of Diabetes (%)
Afghanistan 6.3*
Armenia 2.6*
Azerbaijan 2.3*
Bahrain 17.3*
Bangladesh 5.5
Bhutan 4.9
Brunei Darussalam 8.0*
Cambodia 2.5
China 9.6
Cyprus 10.2
Democratic People's Republic of Korea      7.3*
Georgia 3.0*
Hong Kong SAR (China) 9.5
India 8.6
Indonesia 5.6
Iraq 7.4
Islamic Republic of Iran 8.4
Israel 6.7
Japan 7.6
Jordan 8.7
Kazakhstan 4.9*
Kuwait 17.8
Kyrgyzstan 5.0*
Lao People's Democratic Republic 4.4*
Lebanon 14.5
Macau SAR (China) 9.5*
Malaysia 10.1
Maldives 3.8*
Mongolia 7.5
Myanmar 5.7
Nepal 4.5
Oman 8.0
Pakistan 6.8
Philippines 6.0
Qatar 15.7*
Republic of Korea 8.9
Saudi Arabia 20.2
Singapore 12.3
State of Palestine 6.6
Sri Lanka 8.0
Syrian Arab Republic 7.4*
Tajikistan 4.5*
Taiwan 9.8
Thailand 6.4
Timor-Leste 5.6*
Turkey 14.6
Turkmenistan 4.1*
United Arab Emirates 10.0
Uzbekistan 5.1
Viet Nam 5.4
Yemen 6.1*
 
*Estimates of diabetes prevalence based on extrapolation from similar countries.
 
Source: IDF Diabetes Atlas, 6th ed. International Diabetes Federation Web site. http://www.idf.org/diabetesatlas. Published 2013. Figures rounded to first decimal place.
 
(Note that, due to differences in methodology, there may be slight discrepancies in estimates of diabetes prevalence in this chart from other statistics on our website.)
 
References: 
1 Hu FB. Globalization of diabetes: The role of diet, lifestyle, and genes. Diabetes Care. 2011;34(6):1249-1257.
2 Xu Y, Wang L, He J, et al. Prevalence and control of diabetes in Chinese adults. JAMA. 2013;310(9):948-59.
3 IDF Diabetes Atlas, 6th ed. International Diabetes Federation Web site. http://www.idf.org/diabetesatlas. Published 2013. Accessed March 3, 2013.
4 Yoon KH, Lee JH, Kim JW, et al. Epidemic obesity and type 2 diabetes in Asia. Lancet. 2006;368(9548):1681-1688.
5 Deurenberg P, Deurenberg-Yap M, Guricci S. Asians are different from Caucasians and from each other in their body mass index/body fat per cent relationship. Obes Rev. 2002;3(3):141-146.
6 Chan JC, Malik V, Jia W, et al. Diabetes in Asia: epidemiology, risk factors, and pathophysiology. JAMA. 2009;301(20):2129-2140.